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What are symptoms of malignant hypertension?

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The main symptoms of malignant hypertension are a rocketing blood pressure of 180/120 or higher and signs of organ damage. Usually, the damage happens to the kidneys or the eyes.

Other symptoms depend on how the rise in blood pressure affects your organs. They include:

In rare cases, malignant hypertension can cause brain swelling, which leads to a dangerous condition called hypertensive encephalopathy. Symptoms include:

  • Blurred vision
  • Chest pain (angina)
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Dizziness
  • Numbness in the arms, legs, and face
  • Severe headache
  • Shortness of breath
  • Blindness
  • Changes in mental status
  • Coma
  • Confusion
  • Drowsiness
  • Headache that continues to get worse
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Seizures

SOURCES:

American Heart Association: "Understanding Blood Pressure Readings" and "Hypertensive Crisis."

Merck Manual Home Edition: "Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders: High Blood Pressure."

The Mount Sinai Medical Center: "Malignant Hypertension."

Reviewed by James Beckerman on November 08, 2017

SOURCES:

American Heart Association: "Understanding Blood Pressure Readings" and "Hypertensive Crisis."

Merck Manual Home Edition: "Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders: High Blood Pressure."

The Mount Sinai Medical Center: "Malignant Hypertension."

Reviewed by James Beckerman on November 08, 2017

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What are other symptoms of malignant hypertension?

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