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What are the main symptoms for malignant hypertension?

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The main symptoms of malignant hypertension are a rapidly increasing blood pressure of 180/120 or higher and signs of organ damage. Usually, the damage happens to the kidneys or the eyes.

Other symptoms depend on how the rise in blood pressure affects your organs. A common symptom is bleeding and swelling in the tiny blood vessels in the retina. The retina is the layer of nerves that line the back of the eye. It senses light and sends signals to the brain through the optic nerve, which can also be affected by malignant hypertension. When the eye is involved, malignant hypertension can cause changes in vision.

From: Malignant Hypertension WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

American Heart Association: "Understanding Blood Pressure Readings" and "Hypertensive Crisis."

Merck Manual Home Edition: "Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders: High Blood Pressure."

The Mount Sinai Medical Center: "Malignant Hypertension."

Reviewed by James Beckerman on November 8, 2017

SOURCES:

American Heart Association: "Understanding Blood Pressure Readings" and "Hypertensive Crisis."

Merck Manual Home Edition: "Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders: High Blood Pressure."

The Mount Sinai Medical Center: "Malignant Hypertension."

Reviewed by James Beckerman on November 8, 2017

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What are other symptoms of malignant hypertension?

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