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What causes high blood pressure?

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The exact causes of high blood pressure are not known, but several factors and conditions may play a role in its development, including:

  • Smoking
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Excessive salt in the diet
  • Excessive alcohol consumption (more than 1 to 2 drinks per day)
  • Stress
  • Older age
  • Genetics
  • Family history of high blood pressure
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Adrenal and thyroid disorders
  • Sleep apnea

From: Causes of High Blood Pressure WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

American Heart Association.

American Medical Association. 

Reviewed by Debra Jaliman on July 11, 2017

SOURCES:

American Heart Association.

American Medical Association. 

Reviewed by Debra Jaliman on July 11, 2017

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What is essential hypertension?

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THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.

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