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What is prehypertension?

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In  stage 1 hypertension , also known as prehypertension, the systolic (top number) reading is 120 mmHg-139 mmHg, or the diastolic (bottom number) reading is 80 mmHg-89 mmHg.

Prehypertension is a warning sign that you may get high blood pressure in the future. High blood pressure increases your risk of heart attack, stroke, coronary heart disease, heart failure, and kidney failure. There's no cure for high blood pressure, but there is treatment with diet, lifestyle habits, and medications.

Starting as low as 115/75 mmHg, the risk of heart attack and stroke doubles for every 20-point jump in systolic blood pressure or every 10-point rise in diastolic blood pressure for adults aged 40-70.

From: Prehypertension: Are You at Risk? WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES: 

American Heart Association: "Prehypertension Triples Heart Attack Risk," "How Do I Follow a Healthy Diet."

National Heart Lung and Blood Institute: "What are High Blood Pressure and Prehypertension?"  "Your Guide to Lowering Your Blood Pressure with DASH."

Hypertension : "AHA Scientific Statement: Dietary Approaches to Prevent and Treat Hypertension."

The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure, , 2003;  vol 289: p 2560. The Journal of the American Medical Association

Reviewed by James Beckerman on February 04, 2019

SOURCES: 

American Heart Association: "Prehypertension Triples Heart Attack Risk," "How Do I Follow a Healthy Diet."

National Heart Lung and Blood Institute: "What are High Blood Pressure and Prehypertension?"  "Your Guide to Lowering Your Blood Pressure with DASH."

Hypertension : "AHA Scientific Statement: Dietary Approaches to Prevent and Treat Hypertension."

The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure, , 2003;  vol 289: p 2560. The Journal of the American Medical Association

Reviewed by James Beckerman on February 04, 2019

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Who is at risk for prehypertension?

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