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What medications are used to help treat high blood pressure?

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Medications used to treat high blood pressure include:

  • Diuretics to reduce the amount of fluid in your blood by helping your body rid itself of extra sodium
  • ACE inhibitors, alpha-blockers, and calcium channel blockers to help keep your blood vessels from tightening
  • Beta-blockers to prevent your body from making the hormone adrenaline; adrenaline is a stress hormone that makes your heart beat harder and faster. It also makes your blood vessels tighten. All of this makes blood pressure higher. The medication slows your heart rate, decreasing your blood pressure.

SOURCES: American Academy of Family Physicians web site: "High Blood Pressure: Things You Can Do to Help Lower Yours." Mayo Clinic web site: "How being black affects your blood pressure: A healthy lifestyle is important regardless of skin color." National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute web site: "Your Guide to Lowering High Blood Pressure; What Are High Blood Pressure and Prehypertension?" WebMD Medical Reference: "High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)," "How adrenaline regulates blood pressure." American Medical Association.



 

Reviewed by Suzanne R. Steinbaum on January 22, 2017

SOURCES: American Academy of Family Physicians web site: "High Blood Pressure: Things You Can Do to Help Lower Yours." Mayo Clinic web site: "How being black affects your blood pressure: A healthy lifestyle is important regardless of skin color." National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute web site: "Your Guide to Lowering High Blood Pressure; What Are High Blood Pressure and Prehypertension?" WebMD Medical Reference: "High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)," "How adrenaline regulates blood pressure." American Medical Association.



 

Reviewed by Suzanne R. Steinbaum on January 22, 2017

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What can you do to maximize the benefits of treatment for high blood pressure?

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