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What causes essential hypertension?

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High blood pressure tends to run in families. Age and race factor in. More than 40% of all African-Americans in the U.S. have high blood pressure. Diet and lifestyle also play a big role. There's a strong link between salt and blood pressure. Many people with high blood pressure are salt sensitive. Anything more than a small amount boosts their blood pressure. Other things linked with essential hypertension include:

  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Stress
  • Low levels of potassium, calcium, and magnesium
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Heavy alcohol use

From: What Is High Blood Pressure? WebMD Medical Reference

JAMA Express : "Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure." 

"Hypertension: Journal of the American Heart Association," Summer 2003. 

Elliot W. , Jan. 2005.  Journal of Human Hypertension

American Heart Association.

Reviewed by Melinda Ratini on April 26, 2017

JAMA Express : "Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure." 

"Hypertension: Journal of the American Heart Association," Summer 2003. 

Elliot W. , Jan. 2005.  Journal of Human Hypertension

American Heart Association.

Reviewed by Melinda Ratini on April 26, 2017

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What other things are associated with essential high blood pressure?

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