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What are the risks of Crohn's disease?

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With Crohn’s, you are slightly more likely to develop other health problems. Your doctor will watch you closely to help prevent them. They include:

  • Colon cancer, if Crohn’s disease affects your colon or large intestine.
  • Lymphoma. This is a cancer of the lymphatic system, the body’s disease-fighting cells and structures. It’s more likely if you take certain medicines for Crohn’s.
  • Deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism. This means blood clots could form in the veins or lungs.
  • Primary sclerosing cholangitis. This is serious inflammation and scarring of the bile ducts, the tiny tubes that allow bile to pass through the gastrointestinal system.
  • Psoriatic arthritis, a form of arthritis that affects some people with psoriasis.

SOURCES:

Abraham, C. , November 19, 2009. The New England Journal of Medicine

Agency for Healthcare Policy and Research: “Pharmacologic Therapies for the Management of Crohn’s Disease: Comparative Effectiveness.”

American College of Gastroenterology: “ACG Expert Tips on Living Well with IBD.”

American Gastroenterological Association: “AGA Institute Guideline for the Identification, Assessment and Initial Medical Treatment in Crohn’s Disease; Clinical Care Pathway.”

Bray, J. , published online February 22, 2016. Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatolology

Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation of America: “About IBD.”

Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation of America: “Everyday Living.”

Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation of America: “Living with Crohn’s and Colitis.”

Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation of America: “The Facts About Inflammatory Bowel Disease.”

Lichtenstein, G. , published online January 6, 2009. American Journal of Gastroenterology

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, “Crohn’s Disease.”

Papa, A. , published online March 28, 2014. World Journal of Gastroenterology

Strong, S. , published online 2015. Diseases of the Colon and Rectum

Talley, N. , published online April 1, 2011. American Journal of Gastroenterology

Reviewed by Minesh Khatri on August 14, 2018

SOURCES:

Abraham, C. , November 19, 2009. The New England Journal of Medicine

Agency for Healthcare Policy and Research: “Pharmacologic Therapies for the Management of Crohn’s Disease: Comparative Effectiveness.”

American College of Gastroenterology: “ACG Expert Tips on Living Well with IBD.”

American Gastroenterological Association: “AGA Institute Guideline for the Identification, Assessment and Initial Medical Treatment in Crohn’s Disease; Clinical Care Pathway.”

Bray, J. , published online February 22, 2016. Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatolology

Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation of America: “About IBD.”

Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation of America: “Everyday Living.”

Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation of America: “Living with Crohn’s and Colitis.”

Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation of America: “The Facts About Inflammatory Bowel Disease.”

Lichtenstein, G. , published online January 6, 2009. American Journal of Gastroenterology

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, “Crohn’s Disease.”

Papa, A. , published online March 28, 2014. World Journal of Gastroenterology

Strong, S. , published online 2015. Diseases of the Colon and Rectum

Talley, N. , published online April 1, 2011. American Journal of Gastroenterology

Reviewed by Minesh Khatri on August 14, 2018

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