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What does medical treatment for inflammatory bowel disease involve?

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Doctors frequently take a stepwise approach to the use of medications for inflammatory bowel disease. With this approach, the least harmful drugs or drugs that are only taken for a short period of time are used first. If they fail to provide relief, drugs from a higher step are used. Treatment typically begins with aminosalicylates, which are aspirin-like anti-inflammatory drugs such as balsalazide (Colazal), mesalamine(Asacol, Apriso, Lialda, Pentasa), olsalazine (Dipentum), and sulfasalazine (Azulfidine). Mesalamine can be taken orally or be administered as a rectal suppository or enema to treat ulcerative colitis. Because they are anti-inflammatory, they are effective in both relieving symptoms of a flare-up and maintaining remission. The doctor may also prescribe anti-diarrheal agents, antispasmodics, and acid suppressants for symptom relief. You should not take anti-diarrheal agents without a doctor’s advice.

SOURCE:  National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse, National Institutes of Health. FDA. “FDA approves Inflectra, a biosimilar to Remicade.” “FDA approves Amjevita, a biosimilar to Humira.” Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America."Maintenance Therapy." "What is Crohn's Disease?" "What is Ulcerative Colitis?"  



Reviewed by Minesh Khatri on September 16, 2019

SOURCE:  National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse, National Institutes of Health. FDA. “FDA approves Inflectra, a biosimilar to Remicade.” “FDA approves Amjevita, a biosimilar to Humira.” Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America."Maintenance Therapy." "What is Crohn's Disease?" "What is Ulcerative Colitis?"  



Reviewed by Minesh Khatri on September 16, 2019

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When are antibiotics used to treat inflammatory bowel disease?

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