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Which foods have been shown to fight ulcerative colitis?

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Some research shows that certain nutrients may help fight the irritation and swelling in your gut caused by ulcerative colitis (UC). Scientists have studied how linoleic acid (found in foods such as walnuts, olive oil, egg yolks, and coconut oil) affects people with the condition. Although everyone needs this "good" fat, don’t overdo it, since there is some evidence it may play a role in inflammation if you get too much. Other studies show that an omega-3 fatty acid called EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) may fight inflammation. This is another “good” fat that blocks certain chemicals in your body called leukotrienes. Fish oil is a good source of EPA. In some studies, people with UC saw some benefits when they took high doses. Many people, though, didn't like the fishy taste. There is also some evidence that adding fish oil to aminosalicylates (meds called 5-asa) may be helpful, but this isn’t proven. DHA is another omega-3 found in fish oil that can flight inflammation and is used by people with UC. Some research also shows that yogurt with gut-healthy bacteria, called probiotics, eases inflammation. Scientists are still studying how they may help people with UC and similar conditions.

From: Make an Ulcerative Colitis Diet Plan WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America: "Diet and Nutrition."

American College of Gastroenterology: "Patient Information: Inflammatory Bowel Disease."

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK): "Ulcerative Colitis."

Office of Dietary Supplements, National Institutes of Health: “Omega-3 Fatty Acids Fact Sheet for Health Professionals.”

Reviewed by Minesh Khatri on October 14, 2018

SOURCES:

Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America: "Diet and Nutrition."

American College of Gastroenterology: "Patient Information: Inflammatory Bowel Disease."

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK): "Ulcerative Colitis."

Office of Dietary Supplements, National Institutes of Health: “Omega-3 Fatty Acids Fact Sheet for Health Professionals.”

Reviewed by Minesh Khatri on October 14, 2018

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