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What are the causes of testicular azoospermia?

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Damage to testicles can keep men from making sperm normally. It can happen because of:

  • An infection in your reproductive tract, such as epididymitis and urethritis
  • A childhood illness such as viral orchitis, which causes swelling of one or both testicles
  • A groin injury
  • Cancer or its treatments, like radiation
  • Genetic conditions, such as Klinefelter’s syndrome

SOURCES:

American Urological Association: “The Evaluation of the Azoospermic Male: AUA Best Practice Statement.”

American Family Physician: “Epididymitis and Orchitis: An Overview.”

UCSF: “In Vitro Fertilization,” “Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection.”

Reproduction, Fertility and Development: “Causes of azoospermia and their management.”

The Urology Clinics of North America: “Obstructive Azoospermia.”

Clinics: “Obstructive azoospermia: reconstructive techniques and results.”

Indian Journal of Urology: “Surgical Sperm Retrieval: Techniques and Their Indications.”

Reviewed by Sabrina Felson on May 09, 2019

SOURCES:

American Urological Association: “The Evaluation of the Azoospermic Male: AUA Best Practice Statement.”

American Family Physician: “Epididymitis and Orchitis: An Overview.”

UCSF: “In Vitro Fertilization,” “Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection.”

Reproduction, Fertility and Development: “Causes of azoospermia and their management.”

The Urology Clinics of North America: “Obstructive Azoospermia.”

Clinics: “Obstructive azoospermia: reconstructive techniques and results.”

Indian Journal of Urology: “Surgical Sperm Retrieval: Techniques and Their Indications.”

Reviewed by Sabrina Felson on May 09, 2019

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What are the causes of post-testicular azoospermia?

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