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What happens during gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT)?

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The eggs and sperm are collected just as they would be in an IVF procedure, but after that, the two techniques differ. In IVF, the embryo is placed into the uterus at 3-5 days with a catheter inserted into the vagina in a quick and simple procedure. In GIFT, an incision has to be made in the abdomen and the eggs and sperm are immediately placed in the fallopian tubes using a laparoscope, a small telescope-like instrument. A laparoscopy requires general anesthesia, although it can still usually be performed as an outpatient procedure.

If all goes well, once the eggs are in the fallopian tubes, at least one will become fertilized by the sperm and move on to the uterus, where it will mature.

From: GIFT and ZIFT WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES: American Society for Reproductive Medicine web site. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists web site. WebMD Fertility Center web site. 


Human Reproduction Update, July-August 2002. The Infertility Workup and Understanding Treatment Options, RESOLVE online. The Merck Manual, Seventeenth Edition, 2000. The Fertility Handbook: A Guide to Getting Pregnant, Addicus Books, 2002. Assisted Reproductive Technology National Summary Report, 2015, CDC.




 

WebMD Medical Reference.

Reviewed by Nivin Todd on July 08, 2018

SOURCES: American Society for Reproductive Medicine web site. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists web site. WebMD Fertility Center web site. 


Human Reproduction Update, July-August 2002. The Infertility Workup and Understanding Treatment Options, RESOLVE online. The Merck Manual, Seventeenth Edition, 2000. The Fertility Handbook: A Guide to Getting Pregnant, Addicus Books, 2002. Assisted Reproductive Technology National Summary Report, 2015, CDC.




 

WebMD Medical Reference.

Reviewed by Nivin Todd on July 08, 2018

NEXT QUESTION:

What are the success rates of gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) and zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT)?

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