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What is a gestational surrogate?

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A technique called in vitro fertilization (IVF) now makes it possible to gather eggs from the mother, fertilize them with sperm from the father, and place the embryo into the uterus of a gestational surrogate.

The surrogate then carries the baby until birth. She doesn't have any genetic ties to the child because it wasn't her egg that was used.

A gestational surrogate is called the "birth mother." The biological mother, though, is still the woman whose egg was fertilized.

In the U.S., gestational surrogacy is less complex legally. That's because both intended parents have genetic ties to the baby. As a result, gestational surrogacy has become more common than a traditional surrogate. About 750 babies are born each year using gestational surrogacy.

SOURCES:

American Society for Reproductive Medicine: "Third Party Reproduction."

The Ethics Committee. , November 2003.  Fertility and Sterility

The National Infertility Association: "Surrogacy," "Myths about Surrogates."

Sreenivas, K. and Campo-Engelstein, L.  , 2010. Cancer Treatment and Research

Saul, S.  , Dec. 13, 2009. The New York Times

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists: "ACOG Committee Opinion, February 2008: 'Surrogate Motherhood.'"

Reviewed by Traci C. Johnson on September 07, 2017

SOURCES:

American Society for Reproductive Medicine: "Third Party Reproduction."

The Ethics Committee. , November 2003.  Fertility and Sterility

The National Infertility Association: "Surrogacy," "Myths about Surrogates."

Sreenivas, K. and Campo-Engelstein, L.  , 2010. Cancer Treatment and Research

Saul, S.  , Dec. 13, 2009. The New York Times

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists: "ACOG Committee Opinion, February 2008: 'Surrogate Motherhood.'"

Reviewed by Traci C. Johnson on September 07, 2017

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Who uses surrogates?

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