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How is open surgery done to treat kidney stones?

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Open surgery is rarely done for kidney stones anymore. But if your stone is very large or it can't be removed or crushed with other treatments, surgery might be an option.

Surgery may also help if:

You'll be given something to make you unconscious during the procedure. The surgeon will make a cut in your side and into your kidney. She'll remove the stone through the opening. She'll also put a stent in your ureter to help urine drain.

You may need to stay in the hospital for a few days. It can take 4-6 weeks to fully heal after open surgery.

  • One of the stones is stuck in your ureter.
  • You're in a lot of pain.
  • The stone is blocking your urine flow.
  • You're bleeding or you have an infection.

SOURCES:

Johns Hopkins Medicine: "Lithotripsy."

Mayo Clinic: "Kidney stones treatments and drugs." "Percutaneous nephrolithotomy: What you can expect."

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: "Treatment for Kidney Stones in Adults."

National Kidney Foundation: "Kidney Stone Treatment: Shock Wave Lithotripsy." "Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy/Nephrolithotripsy."

NYU Langone Medical Center: "Surgery for Kidney Stones."

UC San Diego Health: "Ureteroscopy."

Urology Care Foundation: "How are kidney stones treated?" "What are Kidney Stones?"

Reviewed by Minesh Khatri on December 21, 2018

SOURCES:

Johns Hopkins Medicine: "Lithotripsy."

Mayo Clinic: "Kidney stones treatments and drugs." "Percutaneous nephrolithotomy: What you can expect."

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: "Treatment for Kidney Stones in Adults."

National Kidney Foundation: "Kidney Stone Treatment: Shock Wave Lithotripsy." "Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy/Nephrolithotripsy."

NYU Langone Medical Center: "Surgery for Kidney Stones."

UC San Diego Health: "Ureteroscopy."

Urology Care Foundation: "How are kidney stones treated?" "What are Kidney Stones?"

Reviewed by Minesh Khatri on December 21, 2018

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What should you talk to your doctor about if you have kidney stones?

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