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What are some other chemicals that can cause popcorn lung?

ANSWER

Other chemicals that can cause popcorn lung include:

  • Metal oxide fumes, a common byproduct of welding
  • Formaldehyde, a cancer-causing chemical used in some glues and building materials
  • Sulfur dioxide, a pollutant released by burning fossil fuels
  • Ammonia
  • Chlorine
  • Nitrogen oxides
  • Hydrochloric acid
  • Sulfur mustard, a chemical weapon known as "mustard gas"

From: What Is Popcorn Lung? WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES: 

NIH Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center: "Bronchiolitis obliterans."

American Lung Association: "Popcorn Lung: A Dangerous Risk of Flavored E-Cigarettes."

National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health: "Flavorings-Related Lung Disease."

National Jewish Health: "Bronchiolitis Obliterans."

Toxicology Reports: "Pathology, toxicology, and latency of irritant gases known to cause bronchiolitis obliterans disease: Does diacetyl fit the pattern?"

EnvironmentalHealth Perspectives : "Flavoring Chemicals in E-Cigarettes: Diacetyl, 2,3-Pentanedione, and Acetoin in a Sample of 51 Products, Including Fruit-, Candy-, and Cocktail-Flavored E-Cigarettes."

Environmental Protection Agency: "Sulfur Dioxide."

Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine: "Occupational and Environmental Bronchiolar Disorders."

Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine: "Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome -- The Achilles' Heel of Lung Transplantation."

Johns Hopkins Arthritis Center: "Rheumatoid Lung Disease."

Reviewed by Laura J. Martin on April 25, 2017

SOURCES: 

NIH Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center: "Bronchiolitis obliterans."

American Lung Association: "Popcorn Lung: A Dangerous Risk of Flavored E-Cigarettes."

National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health: "Flavorings-Related Lung Disease."

National Jewish Health: "Bronchiolitis Obliterans."

Toxicology Reports: "Pathology, toxicology, and latency of irritant gases known to cause bronchiolitis obliterans disease: Does diacetyl fit the pattern?"

EnvironmentalHealth Perspectives : "Flavoring Chemicals in E-Cigarettes: Diacetyl, 2,3-Pentanedione, and Acetoin in a Sample of 51 Products, Including Fruit-, Candy-, and Cocktail-Flavored E-Cigarettes."

Environmental Protection Agency: "Sulfur Dioxide."

Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine: "Occupational and Environmental Bronchiolar Disorders."

Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine: "Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome -- The Achilles' Heel of Lung Transplantation."

Johns Hopkins Arthritis Center: "Rheumatoid Lung Disease."

Reviewed by Laura J. Martin on April 25, 2017

NEXT QUESTION:

When are other times someone could have bronchiolitis obliterans?

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