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What is stage IV lung cancer?

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The cancer has spread to both lungs, to fluid in the area surrounding the lungs, or to other organs.

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: “How is non-small cell lung cancer staged?”

American Cancer Society: “Surgery for non-small cell lung cancer.”

The Society of Thoracic Surgeons: “Lung/Thoracic Surgery.”

American Cancer Society: “Treatment choices by stage for non-small cell lung cancer.”

Penn Medicine: “Photodynamic Therapy (PDT).”

American Cancer Society: “Radiation therapy for non-small cell lung cancer.”

McElnay, P. , May 6, 2014. Journal of Thoracic Disease

UpToDate: “Patient Information: Non-small cell lung cancer treatment; Stage I to III cancer (Beyond the Basics)."

American Cancer Society: “Targeted Therapies for non-small cell lung cancer.”

National Cancer Institute: “General Information About Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)," "NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms."

Annals of Thoracic Medicine: “Bronchial Stents.”

Reviewed by Laura J. Martin on December 19, 2018

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: “How is non-small cell lung cancer staged?”

American Cancer Society: “Surgery for non-small cell lung cancer.”

The Society of Thoracic Surgeons: “Lung/Thoracic Surgery.”

American Cancer Society: “Treatment choices by stage for non-small cell lung cancer.”

Penn Medicine: “Photodynamic Therapy (PDT).”

American Cancer Society: “Radiation therapy for non-small cell lung cancer.”

McElnay, P. , May 6, 2014. Journal of Thoracic Disease

UpToDate: “Patient Information: Non-small cell lung cancer treatment; Stage I to III cancer (Beyond the Basics)."

American Cancer Society: “Targeted Therapies for non-small cell lung cancer.”

National Cancer Institute: “General Information About Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)," "NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms."

Annals of Thoracic Medicine: “Bronchial Stents.”

Reviewed by Laura J. Martin on December 19, 2018

NEXT QUESTION:

How is photodynamic therapy used to treat stage IV lung cancer?

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