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How can oxygen therapy work to treat emphysema?

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As your emphysema progresses, you may need extra oxygen to help you breathe. Your doctor will prescribe how much and when you should take it. You can take supplemental oxygen in three ways:

  • Oxygen concentrator. This removes other gases from the air and gives you near-pure oxygen. (Air normally contains 21% oxygen.)
  • Liquid system. This is supercooled, pure oxygen in a canister that looks like a thermos.
  • Oxygen cylinders. These contain 100% oxygen under high pressure in tank-like containers.

From: What Are the Treatments for Emphysema? WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

Tammy Wichman, MD, associate professor, pulmonary critical care, University of Nebraska Medical Center.

Yasufuku, K., , Elsevier, 2016. Innovations in Thoracic Surgery, An Issue of Thoracic Surgery Clinics of North America

Annals of Internal Medicine : “In the Clinic: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.”

Medical Devices : “Technology update: bronchoscopic thermal vapor ablation for managing severe emphysema.”

International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease : “Role of mucolytics in the management of COPD.”

Thorax : “Targeted lung denervation for moderate to severe COPD: a pilot study.”

American Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology: “Beta2-Agonists (Bronchodilators).”

Columbia University: “Emphysema and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD).”

American Lung Association “Managing Your COPD Medications.”

Cleveland Clinic: “Emphysema.”

Cleveland Clinic Center for Continuing Education: “Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.”

University of California San Francisco: “Emphysema Treatments,” “Lung Transplant.”

University of Massachusetts Medical School: “Therapeutic Class Overview Phosphodiesterase (PDE) 4 Inhibitors.”

National Health Service (United Kingdom): “Bronchodilators.”

American Thoracic Society: “Surgery for COPD,” “What is Alpha-1 Antitrypsan Deficiency?” “Oxygen Therapy,” “Medicines Used to Treat COPD.”

Reviewed by Paul Boyce on March 14, 2019

SOURCES:

Tammy Wichman, MD, associate professor, pulmonary critical care, University of Nebraska Medical Center.

Yasufuku, K., , Elsevier, 2016. Innovations in Thoracic Surgery, An Issue of Thoracic Surgery Clinics of North America

Annals of Internal Medicine : “In the Clinic: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.”

Medical Devices : “Technology update: bronchoscopic thermal vapor ablation for managing severe emphysema.”

International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease : “Role of mucolytics in the management of COPD.”

Thorax : “Targeted lung denervation for moderate to severe COPD: a pilot study.”

American Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology: “Beta2-Agonists (Bronchodilators).”

Columbia University: “Emphysema and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD).”

American Lung Association “Managing Your COPD Medications.”

Cleveland Clinic: “Emphysema.”

Cleveland Clinic Center for Continuing Education: “Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.”

University of California San Francisco: “Emphysema Treatments,” “Lung Transplant.”

University of Massachusetts Medical School: “Therapeutic Class Overview Phosphodiesterase (PDE) 4 Inhibitors.”

National Health Service (United Kingdom): “Bronchodilators.”

American Thoracic Society: “Surgery for COPD,” “What is Alpha-1 Antitrypsan Deficiency?” “Oxygen Therapy,” “Medicines Used to Treat COPD.”

Reviewed by Paul Boyce on March 14, 2019

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