PREVIOUS QUESTION:

 

NEXT QUESTION:

 

What are anticholinergic bronchodilators, and how do they work to treat emphysema?

ANSWER

Anticholinergic bronchodilators stop the muscles around your airways from tightening. They also make it easier to clear mucus from the lungs.

Short-acting anticholinergics start working in about 15 minutes and last 6 to 8 hours. Long-acting forms of these drugs can take about 20 minutes to work and last up to 24 hours. The most common side effects of these drugs are dry mouth and difficulty peeing.

From: What Are the Treatments for Emphysema? WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

Tammy Wichman, MD, associate professor, pulmonary critical care, University of Nebraska Medical Center.

Yasufuku, K., , Elsevier, 2016. Innovations in Thoracic Surgery, An Issue of Thoracic Surgery Clinics of North America

Annals of Internal Medicine : “In the Clinic: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.”

Medical Devices : “Technology update: bronchoscopic thermal vapor ablation for managing severe emphysema.”

International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease : “Role of mucolytics in the management of COPD.”

Thorax : “Targeted lung denervation for moderate to severe COPD: a pilot study.”

American Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology: “Beta2-Agonists (Bronchodilators).”

Columbia University: “Emphysema and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD).”

American Lung Association “Managing Your COPD Medications.”

Cleveland Clinic: “Emphysema.”

Cleveland Clinic Center for Continuing Education: “Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.”

University of California San Francisco: “Emphysema Treatments,” “Lung Transplant.”

University of Massachusetts Medical School: “Therapeutic Class Overview Phosphodiesterase (PDE) 4 Inhibitors.”

National Health Service (United Kingdom): “Bronchodilators.”

American Thoracic Society: “Surgery for COPD,” “What is Alpha-1 Antitrypsan Deficiency?” “Oxygen Therapy,” “Medicines Used to Treat COPD.”

Reviewed by Paul Boyce on March 14, 2019

SOURCES:

Tammy Wichman, MD, associate professor, pulmonary critical care, University of Nebraska Medical Center.

Yasufuku, K., , Elsevier, 2016. Innovations in Thoracic Surgery, An Issue of Thoracic Surgery Clinics of North America

Annals of Internal Medicine : “In the Clinic: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.”

Medical Devices : “Technology update: bronchoscopic thermal vapor ablation for managing severe emphysema.”

International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease : “Role of mucolytics in the management of COPD.”

Thorax : “Targeted lung denervation for moderate to severe COPD: a pilot study.”

American Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology: “Beta2-Agonists (Bronchodilators).”

Columbia University: “Emphysema and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD).”

American Lung Association “Managing Your COPD Medications.”

Cleveland Clinic: “Emphysema.”

Cleveland Clinic Center for Continuing Education: “Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.”

University of California San Francisco: “Emphysema Treatments,” “Lung Transplant.”

University of Massachusetts Medical School: “Therapeutic Class Overview Phosphodiesterase (PDE) 4 Inhibitors.”

National Health Service (United Kingdom): “Bronchodilators.”

American Thoracic Society: “Surgery for COPD,” “What is Alpha-1 Antitrypsan Deficiency?” “Oxygen Therapy,” “Medicines Used to Treat COPD.”

Reviewed by Paul Boyce on March 14, 2019

NEXT QUESTION:

What are phosphodiesterase-4 (PDE-4) inhibitor bronchodilators, and what do they treat?

WAS THIS ANSWER HELPFUL

THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.

    This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.

    Other Answers On: