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What are the different chronic obstructive pulmonary disease groups?

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Based on your symptoms, spirometry results, and exacerbation risk, your doctor will put your COPD into one of these groups:

  • Group A: Low risk, less symptoms
  • Group B: Low risk, more symptoms
  • Group C: High risk, less symptoms
  • Group D: High risk, more symptoms

From: COPD Stages and the Gold Criteria WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES: COPD Foundation: “What is COPD?”

Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease: “Global Strategy for Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention of COPD – 2016,” “The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD).”

American Family Physician , Nov. 16, 2013.

UpToDate: “Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Definition, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and staging.”

Mayo Clinic: “Spirometry.”

Reviewed by Minesh Khatri on July 17, 2019

SOURCES: COPD Foundation: “What is COPD?”

Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease: “Global Strategy for Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention of COPD – 2016,” “The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD).”

American Family Physician , Nov. 16, 2013.

UpToDate: “Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Definition, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and staging.”

Mayo Clinic: “Spirometry.”

Reviewed by Minesh Khatri on July 17, 2019

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What is the similarities and differences between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and heart failure?

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