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What are the types of COPD?

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There are 3 types of COPD:

  • Emphysema: Damage to air sacs in your lungs leaves you short of breath.
  • Chronic bronchitis: When you have coughing, shortness of breath, and mucus that lingers at least 3 months for 2 years in a row.
  • Refractory asthma: This type may also be called nonreversible. It doesn't respond to normal asthma medications.

SOURCES:

American Lung Association: "Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Fact Sheet."

National Heart Lung and Blood Institute: "COPD," "COPD: Learn More, Breathe Better."

American Academy of Family Physicians: "Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)."

Journal of the American Medical Association: "Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease."

American Association for Respiratory Care: "Eating Right: Tips for the COPD Patient."

American Thoracic Society: "Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease."

COPD Foundation: “What is COPD?”

Mayo Clinic: “COPD.”

American Family Physician: “Roflumilast (Daliresp) for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.”

Reviewed by Minesh Khatri on September 25, 2019

SOURCES:

American Lung Association: "Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Fact Sheet."

National Heart Lung and Blood Institute: "COPD," "COPD: Learn More, Breathe Better."

American Academy of Family Physicians: "Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)."

Journal of the American Medical Association: "Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease."

American Association for Respiratory Care: "Eating Right: Tips for the COPD Patient."

American Thoracic Society: "Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease."

COPD Foundation: “What is COPD?”

Mayo Clinic: “COPD.”

American Family Physician: “Roflumilast (Daliresp) for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.”

Reviewed by Minesh Khatri on September 25, 2019

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