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What can you expect when you're in stage IV of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)?

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When you're in stage IV of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), years of living with the disease may have led to a lot of lung damage. While you can't reverse it, you can still do a lot to manage the symptoms.

Just like in the earlier stages, the more you keep up with your care and appointments, the better.

From: End-Stage COPD (Stage 4) WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease: "What You Can Do About a Lung Disease Called COPD."

Oklahoma Department of Human Services: "Stages of COPD and Spirometric Classifications."

NIH, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: "COPD," "Respiratory Failure."

Medscape: "Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)."

CDC: "Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)."

YourLungHealth.org: "Stages of COPD."

American Thoracic Society: "Surgery for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease."

European Respiratory Journal : "Palliative and end-of-life care for patients with severe COPD."

American Lung Association: "Palliative Care and COPD."

Reviewed by Paul Boyce on July 26, 2019

SOURCES:

Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease: "What You Can Do About a Lung Disease Called COPD."

Oklahoma Department of Human Services: "Stages of COPD and Spirometric Classifications."

NIH, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: "COPD," "Respiratory Failure."

Medscape: "Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)."

CDC: "Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)."

YourLungHealth.org: "Stages of COPD."

American Thoracic Society: "Surgery for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease."

European Respiratory Journal : "Palliative and end-of-life care for patients with severe COPD."

American Lung Association: "Palliative Care and COPD."

Reviewed by Paul Boyce on July 26, 2019

NEXT QUESTION:

What are the symptoms of stage IV chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)?

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