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What is pulmonary edema?

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Pulmonary edema is a condition that means there’s extra fluid in your lungs. This makes it hard to breathe. It’s usually caused by heart problems; if the heart is ill or damaged, it cannot pump out enough of the blood it gets from the lungs. When that happens, pressure in the heart builds up and pushes fluid into the lungs’ air sacs, where it doesn’t belong. Breathing problems may happen over time, or they may come all of a sudden.

Get medical help right away if you have trouble breathing that’s worse when you lie down, if you have to gasp for breath, feel like you are drowning, have blue or gray skin color, cough up spit that may have blood in it, or feel your heartbeat is fast or irregular.

SOURCES:

Johns Hopkins Medicine Heart & Vascular Institute: “Shortness of Breath.”

NIH National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: “What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Heart Failure?”

European Society for Cardiology: “Understanding Heart Failure—Shortness of Breath.”

American Heart Association: “Tachycardia/Fast Heart Rate.”

Mayo Clinic: “Pulmonary Edema, Definition”  “Pulmonary Edema, Causes,”  “Pulmonary Edema, Symptoms,”  “Cardiomyopathy.”

Reviewed by Nayana Ambardekar on August 12, 2018

SOURCES:

Johns Hopkins Medicine Heart & Vascular Institute: “Shortness of Breath.”

NIH National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: “What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Heart Failure?”

European Society for Cardiology: “Understanding Heart Failure—Shortness of Breath.”

American Heart Association: “Tachycardia/Fast Heart Rate.”

Mayo Clinic: “Pulmonary Edema, Definition”  “Pulmonary Edema, Causes,”  “Pulmonary Edema, Symptoms,”  “Cardiomyopathy.”

Reviewed by Nayana Ambardekar on August 12, 2018

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What is cardiomyopathy?

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