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What is the function of the set of guidelines established by the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) to determine the stages of emphysema?

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This is a set of guidelines established by the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD).

It measures how much air you can blow out of your lungs in 1 second. Doctors call this the forced expiratory volume (FEV1).

If you have emphysema, your doctor will look at your FEV1. He’ll also look at your other symptoms, as well as how many times you’ve been hospitalized in the past year because of them. Doctors call this an “exacerbation.” It means your symptoms flare up or suddenly get worse.

SOURCES:

UpToDate: “Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Definition, Clinical Manifestations, Diagnosis, and Staging.”

Albert R. Mosby Elsevier, 2008. Clinical Respiratory Medicine,

American Lung Association: "Diseases A-Z: Emphysema."

National Heart Lung and Blood Institute: "Diseases and Conditions Index: COPD."

Reviewed by Paul Boyce on March 15, 2019

SOURCES:

UpToDate: “Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Definition, Clinical Manifestations, Diagnosis, and Staging.”

Albert R. Mosby Elsevier, 2008. Clinical Respiratory Medicine,

American Lung Association: "Diseases A-Z: Emphysema."

National Heart Lung and Blood Institute: "Diseases and Conditions Index: COPD."

Reviewed by Paul Boyce on March 15, 2019

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What are the GOLD stages of emphysema?

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