The CDC is warning physicians to be on the lookout for cases of ivermectin overdose, as people increasingly self-prescribe the drug in an effort to prevent or treat COVID-19.
Ivermectin is an anti-parasitic drug that is used to treat river blindness and intestinal roundworm infection in humans and to de-worm pets and livestock. Lotions and creams containing ivermectin are also used to treat head lice and rosacea.
A study published last Marchshowed that ivermectin killed SARS-CoV-2 in cells growing in a lab within 48 hours, and proposed that the medication be investigated as a cheap and easily available treatment for COVID-19.
But cells are not people, and subsequent studies have failed to find any benefit. Others have been flagged for fraud.
Even the drug company Merck, which manufactures ivermectin, has issued a statement saying there's no scientific basis for a potential therapeutic effect against COVID.
The FDA warned about the drug's use for COVID in March.
But that hasn't stopped people from seeking it out. In a new communication to its Health Alert Network, the CDC says cases of overdose and misuse are rising.
More than 88,000 prescriptions were written for the drug ivermectin in the week ending August 13, an increase of 2,400% over the weekly average prior to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Those numbers don't reflect the pills people order off the internet or bottles of liquid "sheep drench" or injection formulations sold in farm supply stores.
The Mississippi State Department of Health issued an alert last Friday after reports of people taking livestock medications spiked.
Veterinary formulations of ivermectin may be highly concentrated and may contain inactive ingredients that have not been evaluated for use in humans.
Signs of overdose include:
- Gastrointestinal symptoms (nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea)
- Low blood pressure
- Mental status changes such as decreased consciousness, confusion, hallucinations, seizures, coma, and death.
- Ivermectin can increase the strength of other medications, such as benzodiazepines and barbiturates
Recent cases include an adult who drank ivermectin intended for use in cattle in an attempt to prevent COVID-19. The patient came to the hospital confused, sleepy, breathing rapidly, and hallucinating. The patient recovered after 9 days in the hospital. Another case involved a person who took tablets of unknown strength purchased over the internet to treat COVID-19. The person was disoriented and had trouble following commands. Symptoms improved after ivermectin was discontinued, according to the CDC.
The CDC is asking doctors to alert their patients to the risks of ivermectin, particularly ivermectin products intended for veterinary use.
Advise patients to seek medical treatment if they're having symptoms after taking ivermectin, and counsel patients to get vaccinated against COVID-19, wear masks indoors, practice physical distancing, avoid crowds and poorly ventilated spaces, and practice good hand hygiene.