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How is aspergillosis treated?

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Aspergillosis is an infection caused by a type of mold called aspergillus. It usually affects your lungs.

Aspergillus, the mold that causes aspergillosis, is quite common. You can find it everywhere, indoors and out. Tiny bits of the mold, called spores, float in the air. Most of us can breathe in these spores without any problem.

But if you’re already sick or have problems with your immune system because of certain illnesses or medications you take, you can get aspergillosis. It isn’t contagious though, so you can’t give it to or catch it from someone else.

If your aspergillosis results from an allergic reaction, the doctor might consider medications like corticosteroids or simply take a wait-and-see approach.

If you have an infection, you’ll likely need antifungal drugs. The doctor will also treat any immune problems by adding or changing medication. You might need to stop taking immune-suppressing drugs.

Aspergillomas, a side effect of aspergillosis, are balls of mucus and blood that form in air pockets in your lungs. They don't usually respond to drugs. In some cases, you may need surgery to remove them.

SOURCES:

National Organization for Rare Disorders: “Aspergillosis.”

Mayo Clinic: “Aspergillosis.”

American Thoracic Society: “Aspergillosis.”

CDC: “Aspergillosis.”

Merck Manual: “Aspergillosis.”

Reviewed by Carmelita Swiner on April 23, 2020

SOURCES:

National Organization for Rare Disorders: “Aspergillosis.”

Mayo Clinic: “Aspergillosis.”

American Thoracic Society: “Aspergillosis.”

CDC: “Aspergillosis.”

Merck Manual: “Aspergillosis.”

Reviewed by Carmelita Swiner on April 23, 2020

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