PREVIOUS QUESTION:

 

NEXT QUESTION:

 

What are common causes of a pleural effusion?

ANSWER

A wide range of things can cause a pleural effusion. Some of the more common ones are:

  • Leakage from other organs, usually from congestive heart failure, but it can also come from liver or kidney disease.
  • Lung cancer can be a cause, but so can other cancers that have spread to the lung or pleura.
  • Infections such as pneumonia or tuberculosis.
  • Autoimmune conditions such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Pulmonary embolism

From: What Is a Pleural Effusion? WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

Mason, R. , 5th edition, Saunders, 2010. Murray and Nadel's Textbook of Respiratory Medicine

Lab Tests Online, “Pleural Fluid Analysis.”

National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: “What Is Pulmonary Embolism?”

Mayo Clinic: “Heart failure.”

Reviewed by Louise Chang on January 06, 2019

SOURCES:

Mason, R. , 5th edition, Saunders, 2010. Murray and Nadel's Textbook of Respiratory Medicine

Lab Tests Online, “Pleural Fluid Analysis.”

National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: “What Is Pulmonary Embolism?”

Mayo Clinic: “Heart failure.”

Reviewed by Louise Chang on January 06, 2019

NEXT QUESTION:

What are the symptoms of a pleural effusion?

WAS THIS ANSWER HELPFUL

"ALEXA, ASK WEBMD"

THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.

    This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.