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What causes interstitial lung disease?

ANSWER

Most of the time, doctors don't know what caues it.

But they do know interstitial pneumonias t can result from bacteria, viruses, and fungi.

Also, regular exposures to inhaled irritants at work or during hobbies can also cause some interstitial lung disease. These include:

It's rare, but drugs like nitrofurantoin, amiodarone, bleomycin, and many others can cause interstitial lung disease.

  • Asbestos
  • Silica dust
  • Talc
  • Coal dust, or various other metal dusts from working in mining
  • Grain dust from farming
  • Bird proteins (such as from exotic birds, chickens, or pigeons)

SOURCES:

Mason, R. 4th edition, Elsevier Saunders, 2005. Murray and Nadel's Textbook of Respiratory Medicine,

National Jewish Health: "Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD): Overview."

FamilyDoctor.org: "Occupational Respiratory Disease."

News release, FDA.

UpToDate. 

 

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on July 26, 2018

SOURCES:

Mason, R. 4th edition, Elsevier Saunders, 2005. Murray and Nadel's Textbook of Respiratory Medicine,

National Jewish Health: "Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD): Overview."

FamilyDoctor.org: "Occupational Respiratory Disease."

News release, FDA.

UpToDate. 

 

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on July 26, 2018

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Who gets interstitial lung disease?

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