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What conditions are linked to idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF)?

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Cigarette smoking is linked to IPF. So are some infections, such as the flu, Epstein-Barr virus (which causes mono), hepatitis, and herpes. These things may raise your odds of the disease, but they aren't direct causes.

People with IPF may also have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), known as acid reflux. Scientists don't know if one disease causes the other, but they think people with GERD may breathe tiny drops of stomach acid into their lungs, which can cause damage over time.

SOURCES:

Coalition for Pulmonary Fibrosis: "Facts About Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis."

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.

Pulmonary Fibrosis Foundation: "About PF."

American Lung Association.

Genetic Home Reference (U.S. National Library of Medicine).

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on April 22, 2018

SOURCES:

Coalition for Pulmonary Fibrosis: "Facts About Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis."

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.

Pulmonary Fibrosis Foundation: "About PF."

American Lung Association.

Genetic Home Reference (U.S. National Library of Medicine).

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on April 22, 2018

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What is idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF)?

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