PREVIOUS QUESTION:

 

NEXT QUESTION:

 

What medications are used to treat pulmonary arterial hypertension?

ANSWER

If you have severe pulmonary hypertension, your doctor may prescribe medications called calcium channel blockers. These medicines lower blood pressure in the lungs and the rest of the body. If calcium channel blockers aren’t enough, your doctor may refer you to a specialized treatment center. You may need more targeted therapies that can open up your narrowed blood vessels. They may be pills, medicines you breathe in, or drugs that are given through an IV. Options include:

  • Pills: ambrisentan (Letairis), bocentan (Tracleer), macitentan (Opsumit), riociguat (Adempas), selexipag (Uptravi), sildenafil (Revatio), tadalafil (Adcirca), treprostinil (Orenitram)
  • Inhalers: Iloprost tromethamine (Ventavis), treprostinil (Tyvaso)
  • IV drugs: epopostenol sodium (Flolan, Veletri), treprostinil

SOURCES:

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: "What Is Pulmonary Hypertension?"

Pulmonary Hypertension Association: "Treatment."

Barst, R.J. , 2004. Journal of the American College of Cardiology

Simonneau, G. , 2004. Journal of the American College of Cardiology

Runo, J.R. , 2003. Lancet

Mereles, D. , 2006. Circulation

Galie, N. y, 2004. Journal of the American College of Cardiolog

Badesch, D.B. , 2007. Chest

Klepetko, W. , 2004. Journal of the American College of Cardiology

Sitbon, O. , 2005. Circulation

Reviewed by Suzanne R. Steinbaum on July 1, 2019

SOURCES:

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: "What Is Pulmonary Hypertension?"

Pulmonary Hypertension Association: "Treatment."

Barst, R.J. , 2004. Journal of the American College of Cardiology

Simonneau, G. , 2004. Journal of the American College of Cardiology

Runo, J.R. , 2003. Lancet

Mereles, D. , 2006. Circulation

Galie, N. y, 2004. Journal of the American College of Cardiolog

Badesch, D.B. , 2007. Chest

Klepetko, W. , 2004. Journal of the American College of Cardiology

Sitbon, O. , 2005. Circulation

Reviewed by Suzanne R. Steinbaum on July 1, 2019

NEXT QUESTION:

When do you need surgery to treat pulmonary arterial hypertension?

WAS THIS ANSWER HELPFUL

THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.

    This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.