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Who may need a lung transplant?

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Most people with severe, end-stage lung disease can be considered for a lung transplant. The procedure should be considered when someone will likely die without the surgery and no other options are available. A lung transplant can also be considered in people whose lung disease is so severe that they can no longer enjoy life.

The most common lung diseases for which people undergo lung transplant are:

The reasons for a lung transplant among people with these conditions can vary. For example, in emphysema, lung tissue is destroyed by smoking. And in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, scar tissue replaces healthy lung.

Lung transplant centers may hesitate when considering people over age 60 or 65 for lung transplant.

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (emphysema and chronic bronchitis)
  • Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension

From: Lung Transplant WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

Mason, R. , 5th edition, Saunders, 2010.  Murray and Nadel’s Textbook of Respiratory Medicine

Yusen, R.D. 2010; vol 4: pp 1047-1068. American Journal of Transplantation,

Ahmad, S. 2011; vol 139: pp 402-411. CHEST,

Todd, J.L. , 2010; vol 31: pp 365-372. Seminars in Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine

Boffini M. , 2010; vol 16: pp 53-61. Current Opinion in Critical Care

Yusen, R.D. , 2009; vol 15: pp 128-136. Proceedings of the American Thoracic Society

The International Society for Heart & Lung Transplantation web site: “Registries -- Heart/Lung Registries Quarterly Data Report.”

Reviewed by Minesh Khatri on June 4, 2017

SOURCES:

Mason, R. , 5th edition, Saunders, 2010.  Murray and Nadel’s Textbook of Respiratory Medicine

Yusen, R.D. 2010; vol 4: pp 1047-1068. American Journal of Transplantation,

Ahmad, S. 2011; vol 139: pp 402-411. CHEST,

Todd, J.L. , 2010; vol 31: pp 365-372. Seminars in Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine

Boffini M. , 2010; vol 16: pp 53-61. Current Opinion in Critical Care

Yusen, R.D. , 2009; vol 15: pp 128-136. Proceedings of the American Thoracic Society

The International Society for Heart & Lung Transplantation web site: “Registries -- Heart/Lung Registries Quarterly Data Report.”

Reviewed by Minesh Khatri on June 4, 2017

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