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What is the connection between women and lupus?

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Doctors think the hormone estrogen might play a part in lupus because 9 out of 10 people who have it are female. Men and women both make estrogen, but women make much more.

Research shows that estrogen helps make women’s immune systems stronger than men’s, so the hormone could also trigger lupus or make it worse.

Some women with lupus also get symptom flare-ups around their period or during pregnancy when estrogen levels are higher. But this doesn't prove that estrogen causes lupus.

From: What Causes Lupus? WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

Casiraghi, C. , 2013. Future Virology

Johns Hopkins: "Causes of Lupus."

Lupus Foundation of America: "Are pollution or toxic chemicals related to lupus?" "Can hormones trigger the development of lupus?" "UV Exposure: What You Need to Know," "What are the risks for developing lupus?" "What causes lupus?" "Which medications cause drug-induced lupus?"

Mak, A. , September 2014. International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Medscape: "Drug-Induced Lupus Erythematosus."

Reviewed by Laura J. Martin on August 12, 2018

SOURCES:

Casiraghi, C. , 2013. Future Virology

Johns Hopkins: "Causes of Lupus."

Lupus Foundation of America: "Are pollution or toxic chemicals related to lupus?" "Can hormones trigger the development of lupus?" "UV Exposure: What You Need to Know," "What are the risks for developing lupus?" "What causes lupus?" "Which medications cause drug-induced lupus?"

Mak, A. , September 2014. International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Medscape: "Drug-Induced Lupus Erythematosus."

Reviewed by Laura J. Martin on August 12, 2018

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What are environmental triggers of lupus?

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