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What are the benefits of using estrogen replacement therapy patches for menopause symptoms?

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The patch is convenient. Plus, the estrogen bypasses the liver and goes directly into the blood, which could be a benefit for someone who has liver problems. More studies are needed to know if patches are safer than pills. Right now, all estrogens carry the same black-box warning about the risk of blood clots.

SOURCES:

ACP Medicine web site: "Menopause."

Canonico M et al, Circulation, Feb. 20, 2007; vol 115: pp 840-845.

MedicineNet web site: "Hormone Creams: Safe and Effective?"

National Cancer Institute web site: "How to Deal with Surgical Menopause."

National Institutes of Health web site: "Facts About Menopausal Hormone Therapy."

National Institutes of Health Medline Plus web site: "Estrogen," "Estrogen Vaginal," "Estradiol Topical," "Estradiol Transdermal."

  Practice Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Fertility and Sterility, November 2006; vol 86: pp S75-S88.

National Women's Health information Center: "Menopause and Menopause Treatments." WebMD Medical Reference: "Estrogen Replacement Therapy," "Low Dose Estrogen for Dryness and Atrophy."

Reviewed by Nivin Todd on October 31, 2019

SOURCES:

ACP Medicine web site: "Menopause."

Canonico M et al, Circulation, Feb. 20, 2007; vol 115: pp 840-845.

MedicineNet web site: "Hormone Creams: Safe and Effective?"

National Cancer Institute web site: "How to Deal with Surgical Menopause."

National Institutes of Health web site: "Facts About Menopausal Hormone Therapy."

National Institutes of Health Medline Plus web site: "Estrogen," "Estrogen Vaginal," "Estradiol Topical," "Estradiol Transdermal."

  Practice Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Fertility and Sterility, November 2006; vol 86: pp S75-S88.

National Women's Health information Center: "Menopause and Menopause Treatments." WebMD Medical Reference: "Estrogen Replacement Therapy," "Low Dose Estrogen for Dryness and Atrophy."

Reviewed by Nivin Todd on October 31, 2019

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What are estrogen replacement therapy topical creams, gels, and sprays?

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