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What happens during the ovulatory phase of the menstrual cycle?

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�The rise in estrogen from the dominant follicle triggers a surge in the amount of luteinizing hormone produced by the brain. This causes the dominant follicle to release its egg from the ovary.

�As the egg is released, it is captured by the fallopian tubes.

�There is an increase in the amount and thickness of mucus produced by the cervix (lower part of the uterus) during this phase. If a woman has unprotected intercourse during this time, this thick mucus captures the man's sperm, nourishes it, and helps it to move towards the egg for fertilization.

SOURCES: National Institutes of Health. The Merck Manual. American Society of Reproductive Medicine.


Reviewed by Traci C. Johnson on December 12, 2018

SOURCES: National Institutes of Health. The Merck Manual. American Society of Reproductive Medicine.


Reviewed by Traci C. Johnson on December 12, 2018

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What happens during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle?

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