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What is a surgical menopause?

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This is when a women goes into menopause suddenly after surgery to remove her ovaries, the main producers of the hormone estrogen.

This surgery is often done along with hysterectomy to remove the uterus.

Estrogen plays a key role throughout the body. It affects the brain, the bones, the skin, the heart, the blood vessels, and more. While estrogen levels lower gradually during natural menopause, they plunge after surgical menopause. That can lead to severe menopausal symptoms.

SOURCES:

ACP Medicine web site: "Menopause."

British Menopause Society web site: "Further Evidence in Favour of HRT in Early Menopause."

Chen, WY et al, , May 8, 2006; vol 166: pp 1027-1032. Archives of Internal Medicine

Medscape web site: "Oophorectomy Before Menopause Linked to Increased Risk for Dementia, Parkinsonism."

National Cancer Institute web site: "How to Deal with Surgical Menopause."

National Institutes of Health Medline Plus web site: "Estrogen."

National Institutes of Health web site: "Facts About Menopausal Hormone Therapy."

National Women's Health information Center: "Menopause and Menopause Treatments." Practice Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, , November 2006; vol 86: pp S75-S88. Fertility and Sterility

Salpeter S. , 2005; vol 8: pp 307-310. Climacteric

WebMD Medical Reference: "Estrogen Replacement Therapy."  

Reviewed by Nivin Todd on July 8, 2018

SOURCES:

ACP Medicine web site: "Menopause."

British Menopause Society web site: "Further Evidence in Favour of HRT in Early Menopause."

Chen, WY et al, , May 8, 2006; vol 166: pp 1027-1032. Archives of Internal Medicine

Medscape web site: "Oophorectomy Before Menopause Linked to Increased Risk for Dementia, Parkinsonism."

National Cancer Institute web site: "How to Deal with Surgical Menopause."

National Institutes of Health Medline Plus web site: "Estrogen."

National Institutes of Health web site: "Facts About Menopausal Hormone Therapy."

National Women's Health information Center: "Menopause and Menopause Treatments." Practice Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, , November 2006; vol 86: pp S75-S88. Fertility and Sterility

Salpeter S. , 2005; vol 8: pp 307-310. Climacteric

WebMD Medical Reference: "Estrogen Replacement Therapy."  

Reviewed by Nivin Todd on July 8, 2018

NEXT QUESTION:

How does hormone replacement therapy (HRT) work after surgical menopause?

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