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Who shouldn't take hormone replacement therapy?

ANSWER

If you have these conditions, you may want to avoid HRT:

  • Blood clots
  • Cancer (such as breast, uterine, or endometrial)
  • Heart or liver disease
  • Heart attack
  • Known or suspected pregnancy
  • Stroke

SOURCES:

Garnet Anderson, PhD, director, public health sciences division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle.

Cleveland Clinic: “Hormone Therapy (HT), Understanding Benefits and Risks.”

John Hopkins Medicine: “Hormone Therapy.”

Journal of the American Medical Association , Oct. 2, 2013.

Main Line Health: “Estrogen, Progesterone, and Menopause.”

JoAnn E. Manson, MD, DrPH, chief, preventative medicine division, department of medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston.

National Cancer Institute: “Menopausal Hormone Therapy and Cancer Fact Sheet.”

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: “Women’s Health Initiative.”

National Institutes of Health: “WHI Study Data Confirm Short-Term Heart Disease Risk of Combination Hormone Therapy for Postmenopausal Women.”

National Institute on Aging: “Hormones and Menopause."

North American Menopause Society: “Hormone Therapy for women in 2012.”

Office on Women’s Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: “Menopausal hormone therapy (MHT).”

U.S. Preventative Services Task Force: “Understanding Task Force Recommendations: Menopausal Hormone Therapy for the Primary Prevention of Chronic Conditions.”

Reviewed by Arefa Cassoobhoy on December 20, 2017

SOURCES:

Garnet Anderson, PhD, director, public health sciences division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle.

Cleveland Clinic: “Hormone Therapy (HT), Understanding Benefits and Risks.”

John Hopkins Medicine: “Hormone Therapy.”

Journal of the American Medical Association , Oct. 2, 2013.

Main Line Health: “Estrogen, Progesterone, and Menopause.”

JoAnn E. Manson, MD, DrPH, chief, preventative medicine division, department of medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston.

National Cancer Institute: “Menopausal Hormone Therapy and Cancer Fact Sheet.”

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: “Women’s Health Initiative.”

National Institutes of Health: “WHI Study Data Confirm Short-Term Heart Disease Risk of Combination Hormone Therapy for Postmenopausal Women.”

National Institute on Aging: “Hormones and Menopause."

North American Menopause Society: “Hormone Therapy for women in 2012.”

Office on Women’s Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: “Menopausal hormone therapy (MHT).”

U.S. Preventative Services Task Force: “Understanding Task Force Recommendations: Menopausal Hormone Therapy for the Primary Prevention of Chronic Conditions.”

Reviewed by Arefa Cassoobhoy on December 20, 2017

NEXT QUESTION:

What are the side effects of hormone replacement therapy?

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