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What determines the length and severity of opioid withdrawl

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In general, the length and harshness of opioid drug withdrawal depends on how long you’ve been abusing the drugs and how much you’ve been taking.

From: Painkillers and Opioid Use Disorder WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

Bateson, A.N. , January 2002. Current Pharmaceutical Design

eMedicine.com: "Toxicity, Barbiturate."

FDA. "FDA approves first buprenorphine implant for treatment of opioid dependence."

Van den Brink, W. 2006. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry,

National Institute on Drug Abuse: “How can prescription drug addiction be treated?” “The Neurology of Drug Addiction.”

New England Journal of Medicine : “Treatment of Opioid-Use Disorders.”

UpToDate: “Opioid use disorder: Epidemiology, pharmacology, clinical manifestations, course, screening, assessment, and diagnosis."

Reviewed by Melinda Ratini on August 19, 2018

WAS THIS ANSWER HELPFUL

SOURCES:

Bateson, A.N. , January 2002. Current Pharmaceutical Design

eMedicine.com: "Toxicity, Barbiturate."

FDA. "FDA approves first buprenorphine implant for treatment of opioid dependence."

Van den Brink, W. 2006. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry,

National Institute on Drug Abuse: “How can prescription drug addiction be treated?” “The Neurology of Drug Addiction.”

New England Journal of Medicine : “Treatment of Opioid-Use Disorders.”

UpToDate: “Opioid use disorder: Epidemiology, pharmacology, clinical manifestations, course, screening, assessment, and diagnosis."

Reviewed by Melinda Ratini on August 19, 2018

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