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What is the difference between outpatient treatment and residential treatment for addiction?

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Residential therapy separates the addicted person from the environment that allowed him or her to use drugs, and teaches new habits or skills for sober living. A person goes away to a specialized facility for a period of weeks to months. While highly effective in the short term, there is debate as to whether residential programs lead to longer abstinence from prescription drug abuse than outpatient programs.

Outpatient treatment programs are the usual setting for treating ongoing prescription drug addiction.

From: Counseling and Addiction WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

Carroll, K.M. 2005. American Journal of Psychiatry,

Dennis, M. , December 2007. Addiction Science & Clinical Practice

FDA. "FDA approves first buprenorphine implant for treatment of opioid dependence."

Harvard Mental Health Letter, "Treating opiate addiction, part II: Alternatives to maintenance," January 2005.

Medline Plus: "Opiate withdrawal."

Narcotics Anonymous web site.

National Institute on Drug Abuse, "Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction."

National Library of Medicine, "Estimating the Client Costs of Addiction Treatment: First Findings from the Client DATCAP."

O'Brien, C. , 2008. The Journal of the American Medical Association

Van den Brink, W. 2006. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry,

National Institute on Drug Abuse: “Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment: A Research-Based Guide (Third Edition)."

Reviewed by Arefa Cassoobhoy on December 28, 2017

SOURCES:

Carroll, K.M. 2005. American Journal of Psychiatry,

Dennis, M. , December 2007. Addiction Science & Clinical Practice

FDA. "FDA approves first buprenorphine implant for treatment of opioid dependence."

Harvard Mental Health Letter, "Treating opiate addiction, part II: Alternatives to maintenance," January 2005.

Medline Plus: "Opiate withdrawal."

Narcotics Anonymous web site.

National Institute on Drug Abuse, "Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction."

National Library of Medicine, "Estimating the Client Costs of Addiction Treatment: First Findings from the Client DATCAP."

O'Brien, C. , 2008. The Journal of the American Medical Association

Van den Brink, W. 2006. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry,

National Institute on Drug Abuse: “Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment: A Research-Based Guide (Third Edition)."

Reviewed by Arefa Cassoobhoy on December 28, 2017

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What is the difference between outpatient treatment and residential treatment for addiction?

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THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.

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