How is somatic symptom disorder treated?
Treatment for somatic symptom disorder most often includes a combination of these options:
Supportive care. In most cases, the best course of action is for the person to stay in regular contact with his doctor. The doctor can monitor the symptoms and be aware of any changes that might signal a real medical illness. The doctor's main approach is likely to focus on reassuring and supporting the person, and preventing unnecessary tests and treatments.
Medications. Antidepressant or anti-anxiety drugs are sometimes used if a person with somatic symptom disorder also has a mood disorder or anxiety disorder.
Psychotherapy. This type of counseling, particularly cognitive therapy, can be helpful in changing the thinking and behavior that contribute to the symptoms. Therapy also can help the person learn better ways to deal with stress, and improve his social and work functioning.
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