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What are some personality traits that someone with narcissistic personality disorder has?

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Someone like this may look like they have high self-esteem, but the opposite is probably true. There’s a deep sense of insecurity underneath that grand exterior. He wants others to be envious, but often he’s the jealous one. He’s competitive and threatened by others’ achievements. His relationships are often stormy and short-lived. He leaves a trail of hurt feelings in his wake.

He’s easily hurt, but either chooses to not show it or overreacts in rage. He can’t stand criticism. He makes excuses and refuses to take responsibility for his flaws and failures. He sees himself as a natural leader who can easily sway others. He doesn’t listen and often interrupts. It’s a one-way street -- all take, no give.

From: Narcissistic Personality Disorder WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

MedlinePlus: "Narcissistic Personality Disorder."

American Psychological Association: "Personality."

PsychCentral: “Narcissistic Personality Quiz.”

Konrath, S. Aug. 5, 2014. PLOS One:

Bushman, B. Feb. 12, 2015. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences:

Thomas, S. 2008. Journal of Personality Assessment,

Psychologia: “Malignant Narcissism vs. Narcissism vs. Narcissistic Personality Disorder.”

Harvard Business Review: “Narcissistic Leaders: The Incredible Pros, the Inevitable Cons.”

Reviewed by Joseph Goldberg on March 21, 2017

SOURCES:

MedlinePlus: "Narcissistic Personality Disorder."

American Psychological Association: "Personality."

PsychCentral: “Narcissistic Personality Quiz.”

Konrath, S. Aug. 5, 2014. PLOS One:

Bushman, B. Feb. 12, 2015. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences:

Thomas, S. 2008. Journal of Personality Assessment,

Psychologia: “Malignant Narcissism vs. Narcissism vs. Narcissistic Personality Disorder.”

Harvard Business Review: “Narcissistic Leaders: The Incredible Pros, the Inevitable Cons.”

Reviewed by Joseph Goldberg on March 21, 2017

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Can someone be a narcissist and not have narcissistic personality disorder?

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