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What are the effects of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

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They may include disturbing flashbacks, trouble sleeping, emotional numbness, angry outbursts, and feelings of guilt. You might also avoid things that remind you of the event, and lose interest in things that you enjoy.

PTSD interferes with your life. It makes it harder for you to trust, communicate, and solve problems. This can lead to problems in your relationships with friends, family, and coworkers. It also affects your physical health.

SOURCES:

JoAnne Difede, Ph.D., director of the Program for Anxiety and Traumatic Stress Studies, NewYork-Presbyterian and Weill-Cornell Medicine.

National Institutes of Mental Health: “Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.”

Mayo Clinic: “Post-Traumatic-Stress Disorder.”

American Psychological Association: “What Is Posttraumatic Stress Disorder?’

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs: “PTSD: National Center for PTSD.”

Washington Academy of Sciences: “Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: What Happens In the Brain?”

Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience: “Traumatic Stress: Effects on the Brain.”

Reviewed by Carol DerSarkissian on February 13, 2017

SOURCES:

JoAnne Difede, Ph.D., director of the Program for Anxiety and Traumatic Stress Studies, NewYork-Presbyterian and Weill-Cornell Medicine.

National Institutes of Mental Health: “Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.”

Mayo Clinic: “Post-Traumatic-Stress Disorder.”

American Psychological Association: “What Is Posttraumatic Stress Disorder?’

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs: “PTSD: National Center for PTSD.”

Washington Academy of Sciences: “Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: What Happens In the Brain?”

Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience: “Traumatic Stress: Effects on the Brain.”

Reviewed by Carol DerSarkissian on February 13, 2017

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What increases your risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

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