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What causes enuresis?

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Involuntary, or non-intentional, release of urine may result from:

It could be caused diabetes, an infection, or a defect causing a blockage in the urinary tract. It's also linked with certain medicines.

Voluntary, or intentional, enuresis may be related to other behavior or emotional disorders. It also appears to run in families, particularly on the father's side. Toilet training that was forced or started when the child was too young might be a factor.

  • A small bladder
  • Persistent urinary tract infections
  • Severe stress
  • Developmental delays that interfere with toilet training

From: Enuresis in Children WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES: Thiedke, C. Carolyn, MD, "Nocturnal Enuresis," American Family Physician Vol. 67 #7 April 1, 2003. (2005). Christopherson, E.R., & Purvis, P.C. (2001). "Toileting problems in children." In C.E. Walker& M.C. Roberts (Eds.) (3rd Ed., pp. 453-469). New York: NY: JohnWiley & Sons. Walker, C.E.,"Elimination disorders: Enuresis and encopresis." In M.C.Roberts (Ed.) (3rd Ed, 2001 pp.546-560). New York, NY: Guilford Press


Section of Behavior Medicine at the Children's Hospital at the Cleveland ClinicThe Handbook of Clinical Child PsychologyHandbook of Pediatric Psychology

Reviewed by Dan Brennan on November 04, 2018

SOURCES: Thiedke, C. Carolyn, MD, "Nocturnal Enuresis," American Family Physician Vol. 67 #7 April 1, 2003. (2005). Christopherson, E.R., & Purvis, P.C. (2001). "Toileting problems in children." In C.E. Walker& M.C. Roberts (Eds.) (3rd Ed., pp. 453-469). New York: NY: JohnWiley & Sons. Walker, C.E.,"Elimination disorders: Enuresis and encopresis." In M.C.Roberts (Ed.) (3rd Ed, 2001 pp.546-560). New York, NY: Guilford Press


Section of Behavior Medicine at the Children's Hospital at the Cleveland ClinicThe Handbook of Clinical Child PsychologyHandbook of Pediatric Psychology

Reviewed by Dan Brennan on November 04, 2018

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