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What factors might lead to or trigger body dysmorphic disorder (BDD)?

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  • Traumatic events or emotional conflict during childhood
  • Low self-esteem
  • Parents and others who were critical of the person's appearance

Pressure from peers and a society that places a high value on good looks also can play a role in the development of BDD.

From: Body Dysmorphic Disorder WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

Mayo Clinic: "Body dysmorphic disorder."

The Merck Manual: "Somatoform Disorders in Children."

OCD Center of Los Angeles: "Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) - Symptoms and Treatment."

Center for Family Therapy: "Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD)."

Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari on May 20, 2018

SOURCES:

Mayo Clinic: "Body dysmorphic disorder."

The Merck Manual: "Somatoform Disorders in Children."

OCD Center of Los Angeles: "Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) - Symptoms and Treatment."

Center for Family Therapy: "Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD)."

Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari on May 20, 2018

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Why is it hard to diagnose body dysmorphic disorder (BDD)?

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THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.

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