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What are the types of migraine drugs?

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One way to treat migraine pain and other symptoms is with medication. Migraine drugs come in two forms:

You can make a few small changes at home and at work to manage your light and sound triggers.

  • Preventive agents that are taken on a daily basis to reduce attack frequency. These include antidepressants, beta-blockers, and anti-seizure drugs can sometimes help stop headaches before they start. You might need to take these every day.
  • Acute therapies, like triptans and ergots, can help with the pain once you have a headache. They also can help with sound and light sensitivity. They work best if you take them as soon as possible after your headache starts.

SOURCES:

American Academy of Ophthalmology: "Photophobia: Looking for Causes and Solutions."

Cleveland Clinic: "Migraine Headaches."

Headache : "Noise as a trigger for headaches: relationship between exposure and sensitivity."

Headache Pain : "Phenotypic features of chronic migraine."

Mayo Clinic: "Migraine symptoms and causes," "Migraine Treatment."

Nature Neuroscience: "A neural mechanism for exacerbation of headache by light."

Neurology : "The anterior insula shows heightened interictal intrinsic connectivity in migraine without aura."

NHS: "Migraine and light sensitivity."

Reviewed by Carol DerSarkissian on July 21, 2019

SOURCES:

American Academy of Ophthalmology: "Photophobia: Looking for Causes and Solutions."

Cleveland Clinic: "Migraine Headaches."

Headache : "Noise as a trigger for headaches: relationship between exposure and sensitivity."

Headache Pain : "Phenotypic features of chronic migraine."

Mayo Clinic: "Migraine symptoms and causes," "Migraine Treatment."

Nature Neuroscience: "A neural mechanism for exacerbation of headache by light."

Neurology : "The anterior insula shows heightened interictal intrinsic connectivity in migraine without aura."

NHS: "Migraine and light sensitivity."

Reviewed by Carol DerSarkissian on July 21, 2019

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How can I manage light sensitivity caused by migraine?

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