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What medications can prevent migraines?

ANSWER

Some prescriptions block migraines before they start, including:

Your doctor may prescribe drugs called triptans, including sumatriptan and rizatriptan, to stop migraines before they become full-blown.

  • Amitriptyline, an antidepressant
  • Topiramate, a seizure medication
  • Verapamil, also used for high blood pressure, chest pain, and irregular heart rhythm.
  • Erenumab (Aimovig), a CGRP Inhibitor that blocks the effects of calcitonin gene-related peptide molecules

SOURCES:

Vestibular Disorders Association: "Vestibular migraine."

Michigan Headache & Neurological Institute.

American Hearing Research Foundation: "Migraine Associated Vertigo."

National Headache Foundation: "Migraine."

International Headache Society: "Retinal migraine."

WebMD Medical Reference: "Types of migraine and headache medications."

American Academy of Family Physicians, familydoctor.org: "Migraine headaches: Ways to deal with the pain."

News release, FDA.

Reviewed by Melinda Ratini on May 23, 2018

SOURCES:

Vestibular Disorders Association: "Vestibular migraine."

Michigan Headache & Neurological Institute.

American Hearing Research Foundation: "Migraine Associated Vertigo."

National Headache Foundation: "Migraine."

International Headache Society: "Retinal migraine."

WebMD Medical Reference: "Types of migraine and headache medications."

American Academy of Family Physicians, familydoctor.org: "Migraine headaches: Ways to deal with the pain."

News release, FDA.

Reviewed by Melinda Ratini on May 23, 2018

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How is a transcranial magnetic stimulation used to treat migraines?

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