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What should I do when a migraine hits?

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Know what to do when a migraine hits:

  • If you can, lie down in a dark, quiet, cool room. If you can't lie down, try to go somewhere that you can at least turn out the lights.
  • Have hot or cold compresses on hand. Use them on your head or neck. Choose the temperature and place that feels best to you.
  • Put gentle pressure on painful areas of your temples and scalp. Try light massage if it feels good. Don’t do anything that hurts.
  • Drink coffee or soda. A small amount of caffeine can ease the ache early on when a headache starts. If you pair it with an over-the-counter painkiller, it can help the medicine work better.

SOURCES: American Headache Society: "Headache Hygiene Tips."  The International Headache Society: "Epidemiology of Headache." The Migraine Trust: "Your Triggers." National Headache Foundation: "Migraine."



Reviewed by Nayana Ambardekar on February 13, 2019

SOURCES: American Headache Society: "Headache Hygiene Tips."  The International Headache Society: "Epidemiology of Headache." The Migraine Trust: "Your Triggers." National Headache Foundation: "Migraine."



Reviewed by Nayana Ambardekar on February 13, 2019

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Are there certain things that trigger migraines?

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