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Which medications can prevent migraine headaches?

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Preventive treatment medications include the following:

  • Medications used to treat high blood pressure: beta-blockers (propranolol, timolol, metoprolol), calcium channel blockers (verapamil)
  • Antidepressants: amitriptyline, nortriptyline (Aventyl, Pamelor)
  • Antiseizure medications: gabapentin (Neurontin), topiramate (Topamax), valproic acid (Depakote)
  • CGRP inhibitors used to block the calcitonin gene-related peptide: Erenumab (Aimovig), fremanezumab (Ajovy)
  • Botox

From: Migraine Headache Treatment WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

National Headache Foundation: "Migraine."  

Journal of the American Medical Association, June 24, 2009. 

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: "Migraine Information Page." 

News release, NuPathe Inc.

Migraine Treatments from eMedicineHealth.

News release, FDA.

MedlinePlus. 

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on February 14, 2019

SOURCES:

National Headache Foundation: "Migraine."  

Journal of the American Medical Association, June 24, 2009. 

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: "Migraine Information Page." 

News release, NuPathe Inc.

Migraine Treatments from eMedicineHealth.

News release, FDA.

MedlinePlus. 

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on February 14, 2019

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What relaxation techniques are used to treat headaches?

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