How Physical Therapy Can Help Your MS

If you're looking for a way to ease many of your multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms and get around better, physical therapy can be a big help.

A physical therapist can work with you to improve balance problems and to move better. You'll learn how to save energy and find better ways to do everyday tasks. Physical therapy can also help you tackle fatigue, pain, and weakness.

You may start working with a physical therapist right after you get a diagnosis. You can schedule follow-up appointments with her when you need them. Some hospitals have physical therapists on staff who specialize in MS treatment. You will need to ask your doctor for a formal referral, but check with other people who have MS for suggestions on where to go in your area.

On your first visit, your therapist will talk to you about your symptoms, see how well you can handle different tasks, and show you exercises you can do at home.

One to three sessions may be enough. On follow-up visits, you may learn:

  • Stretches to prevent or ease muscle spasms
  • Moves to keep muscles strong
  • Range-of-motion exercises, like straightening and bending your arms and legs
  • Tips to prevent falls
  • How to use canes, crutches, scooters, wheelchairs, or other aids, if necessary

Your therapist will also help you come up with a fitness program that's good for your strength and goals.

Regular exercise helps with all types of MS, but it can be hard when you're tired or you get overheated easily. You'll learn how to work around these issues to get the most from your workouts.

Most therapists can give you more sessions to help you reach any specific goals you have, like overcoming a foot drag that slows your pace. Some may be able to come to your home to work with you.

If your MS symptoms make it hard to do your job, your therapist can take you through some tests and document the kind of trouble you're having. It's called a functional capacity evaluation. It measures whether you are able to work an 8-hour day and may help if you need to apply for Social Security disability benefits.

WebMD Medical Reference Reviewed by Melinda Ratini, DO, MS on July 12, 2019



National Multiple Sclerosis Society.

Cleveland Clinic Mellen Center for Multiple Sclerosis.

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