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Are bee stings and bee pollen effective treatments for multiple sclerosis?

ANSWER

Ancient Greek and Egyptian medical literature mentions bees used as medicine, a practice known as apitherapy. Melittin, a substance found in bee venom, supposedly brings down inflammation related to MS. But one study shows that it doesn't, and such therapy could be dangerous if you have a serious reaction to bee venom. Skip bee pollen, too. Though it's rich with nutrients, it hasn't been shown to help MS symptoms, and it can trigger a severe allergic reaction.

SOURCES:

National Multiple Sclerosis Society: "MS Symptoms," "Exercise," "Vitamin D," "Acupuncture," "Massage and Bodywork," "Stem Cells in MS."

Leavitt, V.M. , March 2013. Neurocase

Mowry, Ellen M. y August 2012. Annals of Neurolog,

Foroughipour, M. March 2013. Acupuncture Medicine,

U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs, Multiple Sclerosis Centers of Excellence: "Alternative Health Care Systems and Multiple Sclerosis."

Burt, R.K. published online Jan. 20, 2015. Journal of the American Medical Association,

Shor, D.B. , Sept. 11, 2009. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Celiac Disease Foundation: "What is Celiac Disease?"

Webb, D. , published online May 2012. Today's Dietician

FDA: "Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy: Don't Be Misled."

Bennett, M. , published online May 29, 2011. Cochrane Library

Alqutub, A.N. , October 2011. World Journal of Hepatology

Yaday, Vijayshree. , March 2014. Neurology

Reid, P.F. , 2007. Critical Reviews in Immunology

CDC: "Hookworm FAQs."

Laboratory News UK: "Hookworms to Treat MS."

Correale, J. , February 2007. Annals of Neurology

Jensen, M. April 2009. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis,

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine: "Reiki: An Introduction."

Thrane, S. February 2014. Pain Management Nursing,

Reviewed by Christopher Melinosky on November 9, 2019

SOURCES:

National Multiple Sclerosis Society: "MS Symptoms," "Exercise," "Vitamin D," "Acupuncture," "Massage and Bodywork," "Stem Cells in MS."

Leavitt, V.M. , March 2013. Neurocase

Mowry, Ellen M. y August 2012. Annals of Neurolog,

Foroughipour, M. March 2013. Acupuncture Medicine,

U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs, Multiple Sclerosis Centers of Excellence: "Alternative Health Care Systems and Multiple Sclerosis."

Burt, R.K. published online Jan. 20, 2015. Journal of the American Medical Association,

Shor, D.B. , Sept. 11, 2009. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Celiac Disease Foundation: "What is Celiac Disease?"

Webb, D. , published online May 2012. Today's Dietician

FDA: "Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy: Don't Be Misled."

Bennett, M. , published online May 29, 2011. Cochrane Library

Alqutub, A.N. , October 2011. World Journal of Hepatology

Yaday, Vijayshree. , March 2014. Neurology

Reid, P.F. , 2007. Critical Reviews in Immunology

CDC: "Hookworm FAQs."

Laboratory News UK: "Hookworms to Treat MS."

Correale, J. , February 2007. Annals of Neurology

Jensen, M. April 2009. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis,

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine: "Reiki: An Introduction."

Thrane, S. February 2014. Pain Management Nursing,

Reviewed by Christopher Melinosky on November 9, 2019

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Is cobra venom effective in treating multiple sclerosis?

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