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What are the symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS), Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP)?

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Multiple sclerosis (MS), Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) each affect nerve signals. Common symptoms of these conditions include:

GBS symptoms usually start within a day and spread from the legs to the upper body. Unlike GBS, where symptoms eventually ease and patients can recover, CIDP progresses and patients could have permanent disabilities. MS often starts in a few days, but sometimes symptoms don’t show up for a while. The numbness from MS usually isn't severe, but the condition can also cause:

GBS brings weakness that may last years. People can become almost totally paralyzed. The paralysis makes it hard to breathe and swallow. CIDP and GBS share many symptoms, most notably difficulty walking and a longer progression of symptoms.

  • Weakness
  • Numbness
  • Tingling in the arms and legs
  • Bladder problems
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Pain
  • Tight muscles
  • Trouble speaking and swallowing
  • Vision problems

From: Guillain-Barré Syndrome and MS WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

Capello, E. , March 2000. European Journal of Neurology

CDC: "Guillain-Barrè Syndrome and Flu Vaccine," "Zika and Guillain-Barrè Syndrome."

Etemadifar M. , 2012. Autoimmune Diseases

Multiple Sclerosis Association of America: "Long-Term Treatments," "Treating Multiple Sclerosis Relapses."

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: "Guillain-Barrè Syndrome Fact Sheet," "Multiple Sclerosis: Hope Through Research."

National MS Society: "Medications," "Multiple Sclerosis FAQs," "MS Symptoms," "Numbness or Tingling," "What Causes MS?"

Nemours Foundation: "Guillain-Barrè Syndrome."

University of California, San Francisco: "About Multiple Sclerosis."

World Health Organization: "Guillain-Barrè Syndrome."

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on August 7, 2018

SOURCES:

Capello, E. , March 2000. European Journal of Neurology

CDC: "Guillain-Barrè Syndrome and Flu Vaccine," "Zika and Guillain-Barrè Syndrome."

Etemadifar M. , 2012. Autoimmune Diseases

Multiple Sclerosis Association of America: "Long-Term Treatments," "Treating Multiple Sclerosis Relapses."

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: "Guillain-Barrè Syndrome Fact Sheet," "Multiple Sclerosis: Hope Through Research."

National MS Society: "Medications," "Multiple Sclerosis FAQs," "MS Symptoms," "Numbness or Tingling," "What Causes MS?"

Nemours Foundation: "Guillain-Barrè Syndrome."

University of California, San Francisco: "About Multiple Sclerosis."

World Health Organization: "Guillain-Barrè Syndrome."

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on August 7, 2018

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