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What is acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM)?

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ADEM is a brief but widespread bout of inflammation that can damage myelin in your brain, spinal cord, and sometimes the nerve connecting your eye to your brain, called the optic nerve. You get the condition when your body attacks its own tissues in response to infection with a virus or bacteria. Rarely, you can get it because of a reaction to a vaccine. Sometimes, the cause is unknown.

From: What Are Demyelinating Diseases? WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

National Multiple Sclerosis Society: “What is Myelin?” “Balo’s Disease,” “HTLV-I Associated Myelopathy (HAM),” “Neuromyelitis Optica (NMO),” “Schilder’s Disease,” “Transverse Myelitis.”

Love, S. , 2006. Journal of Clinical Pathology

Neuropathology: “Demyelinative Diseases.”

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: “Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis,” “Tropical Spastic Paraparesis,” “Neuromyelitis Optica,” “Schilder’s Disease,” “Transverse Myelitis.”

Reviewed by Neil Lava on March 10, 2018

SOURCES:

National Multiple Sclerosis Society: “What is Myelin?” “Balo’s Disease,” “HTLV-I Associated Myelopathy (HAM),” “Neuromyelitis Optica (NMO),” “Schilder’s Disease,” “Transverse Myelitis.”

Love, S. , 2006. Journal of Clinical Pathology

Neuropathology: “Demyelinative Diseases.”

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: “Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis,” “Tropical Spastic Paraparesis,” “Neuromyelitis Optica,” “Schilder’s Disease,” “Transverse Myelitis.”

Reviewed by Neil Lava on March 10, 2018

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