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What is Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and multiple sclerosis (MS)?

ANSWER

Multiple sclerosis (MS) and Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) are diseases of the nervous system. They’re not the same, but they do have a lot of similarities.

Both MS and GBS are autoimmune diseases. This means they cause your body's immune system to attack its own tissues. They both start when the immune system attacks and damages something called myelin. That’s a layer of insulation that surrounds nerves. It also helps nerves transmit their messages.

From: Guillain-Barré Syndrome and MS WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

Capello, E. , March 2000. European Journal of Neurology

CDC: "Guillain-Barrè Syndrome and Flu Vaccine," "Zika and Guillain-Barrè Syndrome."

Etemadifar M. , 2012. Autoimmune Diseases

Multiple Sclerosis Association of America: "Long-Term Treatments," "Treating Multiple Sclerosis Relapses."

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: "Guillain-Barrè Syndrome Fact Sheet," "Multiple Sclerosis: Hope Through Research."

National MS Society: "Medications," "Multiple Sclerosis FAQs," "MS Symptoms," "Numbness or Tingling," "What Causes MS?"

Nemours Foundation: "Guillain-Barrè Syndrome."

University of California, San Francisco: "About Multiple Sclerosis."

World Health Organization: "Guillain-Barrè Syndrome."

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on August 06, 2016

WAS THIS ANSWER HELPFUL

SOURCES:

Capello, E. , March 2000. European Journal of Neurology

CDC: "Guillain-Barrè Syndrome and Flu Vaccine," "Zika and Guillain-Barrè Syndrome."

Etemadifar M. , 2012. Autoimmune Diseases

Multiple Sclerosis Association of America: "Long-Term Treatments," "Treating Multiple Sclerosis Relapses."

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: "Guillain-Barrè Syndrome Fact Sheet," "Multiple Sclerosis: Hope Through Research."

National MS Society: "Medications," "Multiple Sclerosis FAQs," "MS Symptoms," "Numbness or Tingling," "What Causes MS?"

Nemours Foundation: "Guillain-Barrè Syndrome."

University of California, San Francisco: "About Multiple Sclerosis."

World Health Organization: "Guillain-Barrè Syndrome."

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on August 06, 2016

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