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How is gum disease due to plaque and gingivitis linked to dementia?

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Gum disease has been found to raise the risk of dementia later in life.

Other researchers have found that periodontal problems may also be associated with milder cognitive impairment, such as memory problems that make activities of daily life more difficult. In a recent study, participants who had the worst gum disease scored the worst on memory tests and calculations.

SOURCES:

David Cochran, president of the American Academy of Periodontology, and professor and chair of the Department of Periodontics at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio.

Sally Cram, DDS, periodontist, Washington, D.C., and consumer advisor, American Dental Association.

American Academy of Periodontology: "Gum Disease and Diabetes," "Inflammation: Connecting the Mouth and Body?", "Journal of Periodontology and the American Journal of Cardiology develop joint clinical recommendations," "Frequently Asked Questions," "Healthy Gums and a Healthy Heart: The Perio-Cardio Connection."

Offenbacher, S. October 1996; vol 67: pp 1103-1113. Journal of Periodontology,

Seymour R. May 23, 2009; vol 206: pp 551-552. British Dental Journal,

Radnai, M. , March 2009; vol 88: pp 280-284. Journal of Dental Research

American Dental Association: "Plaque," "Cleaning Your Teeth and Gums," "Tooth Decay."

Noble, J. , online May 5, 2009. Journal of Neurology and Neurosurgery Psychiatry

Kaisare, S. Aug. 11, 2007; vol 203: pp 144-145. British Dental Journal,

Srinivas, S. May 2009; vol 200: p 497 and e1-8. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology,

Smolik, I. May 2009; vol 30: pp 188-90, 192, 194, 198, 210. Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry,

Kamer, A. July 2008; vol 4: pp 242-50. Alzheimer's & Dementia,

Wang, T. May 2009, vol 36: pp 372-379. Journal of Clinical Periodontology,

Ortiz, P. 2009, vol 80: pp 535-540. Journal of Periodontology,

Mercado, FB. , June 2001; vol 72: pp 779-787. Journal of Periodontology

Reviewed by Michael Friedman on January 15, 2018

SOURCES:

David Cochran, president of the American Academy of Periodontology, and professor and chair of the Department of Periodontics at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio.

Sally Cram, DDS, periodontist, Washington, D.C., and consumer advisor, American Dental Association.

American Academy of Periodontology: "Gum Disease and Diabetes," "Inflammation: Connecting the Mouth and Body?", "Journal of Periodontology and the American Journal of Cardiology develop joint clinical recommendations," "Frequently Asked Questions," "Healthy Gums and a Healthy Heart: The Perio-Cardio Connection."

Offenbacher, S. October 1996; vol 67: pp 1103-1113. Journal of Periodontology,

Seymour R. May 23, 2009; vol 206: pp 551-552. British Dental Journal,

Radnai, M. , March 2009; vol 88: pp 280-284. Journal of Dental Research

American Dental Association: "Plaque," "Cleaning Your Teeth and Gums," "Tooth Decay."

Noble, J. , online May 5, 2009. Journal of Neurology and Neurosurgery Psychiatry

Kaisare, S. Aug. 11, 2007; vol 203: pp 144-145. British Dental Journal,

Srinivas, S. May 2009; vol 200: p 497 and e1-8. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology,

Smolik, I. May 2009; vol 30: pp 188-90, 192, 194, 198, 210. Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry,

Kamer, A. July 2008; vol 4: pp 242-50. Alzheimer's & Dementia,

Wang, T. May 2009, vol 36: pp 372-379. Journal of Clinical Periodontology,

Ortiz, P. 2009, vol 80: pp 535-540. Journal of Periodontology,

Mercado, FB. , June 2001; vol 72: pp 779-787. Journal of Periodontology

Reviewed by Michael Friedman on January 15, 2018

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How are plaque and gingivitis linked to rheumatoid arthritis (RA)?

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